What is Impeachment?
- The founders of the USA feared the abuse of power by the president and hence included the procedure in the Constitution for removing them from the office.
- The president under the Constitution can be removed from power for Treason, Bribery or other high Crimes or Misdemeanors.
The Flashback of Developments:
The House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announced a former inquiry and an investigation thus initiating the Impeachment process.
A public hearing was initiated by the Intelligence and Judiciary Committee as the House approved the rules laid out for the inquiry.
The 2 articles of impeachment formalized-abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.
The House voted in favor of the impeachment and created history by forcing a Senate trial only for the third time in the history of the US.
Trump Faced Impeachment on 2 Grounds:
- Abuse of Power: He is accused of asking Ukraine to start a corruption investigation against Joe Biden, former US vice-president and Democratic contender in the upcoming 2020 US Presidential election.
- Obstructing Congress: He is also accused of creating obstructions for Congress from the investigation of this case.
The Procedure Ahead:
- The House of Representatives forms a Judiciary Committee.
- Both sides of the case are now supposed to present their arguments in the trial while the witnesses and pieces of evidence will be cross-checked.
- The Senate will also hold a closed-door deliberation before the voting begins on each of the articles of impeachment separately.
The Final Verdict:
- For the conviction of the Senate, two-thirds of the majority is necessary.
- If the President is convicted in the procedure, the Vice-President will hold the role of the President for the rest of the term.
- However, the chances are rare that Donald Trump will be convicted as the Republican Party is in the majority- 53 of 100 members.